Kotor is a unique city, confirmed fm UNESCO by posting it on its list of the cultural and historical heritage, which attracted attention of travelers all around the world. Before intoducing Kotor, here is geographical reference to its location in Montenegro. Kotor is located in the Bay of Kotor, which is part of the well-known Bay of Kotor, also consisted of Herceg Novi, Tivat and Risan bay. All together give extraordinary impression of Medditerranean and Adriatic sea ambient, with huge cultural heritage, all surrounded by mountains that make the Bay of Kotor very unusual.
Its cultural and historical heritage is often mentioned, but there is one example which explains rightfully so many highlights. In fact, one of the first cathedral, older than most church buildings in Europe, was built in Kotor. It is the Cathedral of Saint Tryphon, whose construction began in the 9th century, the arrival of the Slavs, and ended in 1166.
- 544 years older than St. Paul’s Cathedral in London
- 460 years older than St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
- 313 years older than the temple of the Ascension in Moscow
- 69 years older than the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary in Paris
- 169 years older than the monastery Visoki Decani in Serbia
Kotor is located in the southeastern part of the Bay of Kotor, below the mountain Lovcen. Old City of Kotor is formed in a triangular shape, surrounded by walls that are provided by the fortress of St. Ivan (260 meters high). The walls surrounding the Old City in almost 5 kilometers lenght, 20 meters high and wide from 2 to 15 meters. There is 1426 steps leading from the old city walls to the top of fortress . One of the narrowest street in the world is located in Kotor, and through it, two people can barely pass each other. On local slang is called “Let me pass.”
Kotor was founded in the 4th and 5th century AD under the rule of the Byzantine Empire. Kotor original name was “Carum” and the present name was also on the arrival of the Slavs in the 9th century. Through turbulent past Kotor fought against the Turks and Napoleon’s France and with help of other cities of Montenegro and Russia, managed to preserve freedom. On the other hand, the Austro-Hungarian Empire had occupied the city in the period from 1814 to 1914.
Today, Kotor is the commercial, educational and above all a tourist center of Montenegro.
The city of cats
If you are not a cat lover, the access tothe Old City Kotor is not permitted.
The joke, of course, all are welcome, but Kotor is indeed the “city of cats”. There are so many others in the Old City and other parts of the municipality, and although they seem as abandoned, kotorske mace have their protectors.
To all those who live in the Old City, the owners of restaurants and cafes, as well as tourists are the ones who feed the cats all the time.
Town of special cake
Kotor has the cake that is widely known. This is an authentic “Kotorska cream pie”, which is made in the traditional, strictly guarded recipe, but strictly in some pastry shops could be tasted original Kotorska krempita. It’s not a complicated cake, actually very simple, but very, very tasty and caloric.